The Bath (Seville), c. 1908

Francisco Iturrino

Iturrino González, Francisco

Santander, 1864 - Cagnes-sur-Mer, Francia, 1924

The Bath (Seville), c. 1908 (El baño, Sevilla & Mujeres desnudas en La Alberca).

© Colección Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza

Signed lower right: 'F. Iturrino'
Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection on loan to the Museo Carmen Thyssen Málaga

Oil on canvas

200 x 174 cm

CTB.1996.50

Artwork history

  • Ambroise Vollard Gallery, París.

  • Christian de Galea Collection, París.

  • La Cave Gallery, París.

  • Private Collection, Bilbao.

  • Alfonso Zorrilla de Lequerica Collection, Bilbao.

  • Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection, April 15, 1996.

1911

Exposición, París, Galerie Ambroise Vollard.

1911

Salon d'Automne, París, n. 21.

1919

Exposición, Madrid, Círculo de Bellas Artes.

1992 - 1995

Exposición, Madrid, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía.

1996

De Canaletto a Kandinsky. Obras maestras de la Colección Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, n. 88, p. 224.

1997

Capolavori dalla Collezione di Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza: 60º anniversario dell'apertura della Pinacotecca di Villa Favorita, Lugano, Villa Favorita, n. 101, p. 258.

1997

Del vedutismo a las primeras vanguardias. Obras maestras de la Colección Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza, Bilbao, Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao, n. 46, p. 158.

1998 - 1999

Masterworks from the Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection, Tokio, Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum; Takaoka, Takaoka Art Museum; Nagoya, Matsuzaka Art Museum; Sendai, Miyagi Museum of Art, n. 73, p. 164.

1999 - 2000

Pintores españoles en París alrededor del 1900, Palma de Mallorca, Centro Cultural Fundació "La Caixa"; Oviedo, Sala de Exposiciones Banco Herrero; Gerona, Fundació "La Caixa"; Lérida, Fundació "La Caixa".

2003 - 2004

Mujeres pintadas. La imagen de la mujer en España. 1890-1914, Madrid, Fundación Cultural Mapfre Vida, n. 51, p. 188.

2018 - 2019

La furia del color. Francisco Iturrino (1864-1924). Museo Carmen Thyssen Málaga. Cat. 20. p. 94-95.

  • -Encina, J. de la : ”Francisco Iturrino”. España. June 5, 1919, n. 217 , pp. 10-12.

  • -Pintores y escultores vascos de ayer, hoy y mañana: textos antológicos de los más calificados escritores y críticos nacionales y extranjeros. Martín de Retana, José María (dir.); Castresana, Luis de (prol.). Bilbao, La Gran Enciclopedia Vasca, 1973-1980, vol. IX, fasc. 98, p. 252.

  • -De Canaletto a Kandinsky. Obras maestras de la colección Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza. Llorens Serra, Tomàs (ed.). [Exhib. Cat. Madrid, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza]. Madrid, Fundación Colección Thyssen-Bornemisza, 1996, n. 88, p. 224. [Sheet by Petra Joos].

  • -Calvo Serraller, F.: Las cien mejores obras del siglo XX. Historia visual de la pintura española. Madrid, 2001, n. 8, p. 39, lám. c.

  • -Museo Carmen Thyssen Málaga. Colección. Catálogo razonado, Fundación Palacio de Villalón, Málaga, 2014. P. 438-439 (Sheet by Petra Joos).

  • -La furia del color. Francisco Iturrino (1864-1924). Museo Carmen Thyssen Málaga.[Exhib. Cat. Exhibition Museo Carmen Thyssen, Málaga], 2018. Cat. 20, p. 94-95.

Expert report

The Bath (Seville) belongs to a cycle of paintings executed by Iturrino during his stay in Seville in 1908. It was exhibited in Paris at the 1911 Salon d’Automne, where Iturrino was assigned a special room for 28 paintings, all of which were praised in Guillaume Apollinaire’s review of the event. This picture (originally from the Ambroise Vollard Collection) had probably already been shown at an exhibition of Iturrino’s work organised by Vollard earlier that year, in September.

Iturrino’s “search for the South” is, in a sense, comparable to Gauguin’s flight to the South Seas: both painters took refuge in their respective environments in a quest for a pristine paradise. In his groups of women painted in Andalusia, Iturrino repeated the same scene or tableau, although with different angles, facial expressions and light (or added other colours to the same light). Like Chaïm Soutine, Iturrino believed that painting does not express an experience but is the experience itself.

Iturrino not only gave form and colour to the women’s bodies, but also to their emotions. The light and atmosphere surrounding the figures, as well as the movement and the vibration of the tobacco-coloured bodies, are exaltations of joy and the aroma of flesh painted in the open air. This group of women, who move and arrange themselves to the rhythm and intensity of the light, disrobe before our eyes. They let fall their long, transparent dresses which (following Cézanne’s formal teaching) are cut off by the edges of the canvas) leaving perfect planes to exhibit bodies created with a density of colour and plastic modelling comparable to Maillol’s sculptures. At one and the same time they contrast and merge with a landscape sketched with feathery brushstrokes and structured with spots of colour that extend around the bodies to model their forms, the hair to heighten its sheen, the water to reflect the light, and act as a vehicle for the dynamic explosion of nature which Iturrino found beneath the light of the South.

On the recommendation of Professor Kosme de Barañano, author of the catalogue raisonné of the graphic work of Francisco Iturrino (Barañano 1988), this painting was loaned to the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía from 1992 to 1995.

Petra Joos